History of the Main Action Lines
January 2000 – The European Commission proposes the creation of a European Research Area in its communication ‘Towards a European Research Area’
March 2000 – The creation of the European Research Area was launched at the Lisbon European Council
March 2002 – The Barcelona European Council set a target for EU R&D investment intensity to approach 3% of GDP by 2010.
April 2007 – The Green Paper on the European Research Area launched by the European Commission.
May 2008 –The ‘Ljubljana Process’, focusing on governance of the European Research Area, was launched.
May 2008 – Adoption of a Council Resolution on the management of intellectual property in knowledge transfer activities, further to the Commission Communication on “Improving knowledge transfer between research institutions and industry across Europe” and the Commission Recommendation on the management of intellectual property in knowledge transfer activities (the Recommendation) and the Code of Practice for universities and public research organizations.
September 2008 – Adoption of Council conclusions on better careers and mobility for researchers further to the Commission’s proposal for a European Partnership for Researchers in May 2008.
December 2008 – Adoption of a Vision 2020 for ERA by the
December 2008 - Adoption of Council Conclusions on international cooperation, resulting in the setting up of the Strategic Forum for International Cooperation.
December 2008 – Adoption of Council Conclusions on joint programming in research, resulting in the setting up of the High Level Group on Joint Programming.
June 2009 – Adoption of a Community Legal Framework for a European Research Infrastructure Consortium as Council Regulation 723/2009.
March 2010 – European Council agreement on the main elements of the EU2020 Strategy Communication (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2010:2020:FIN:...).
June 2010 - European Council approves the 5 EU-level targets, including the combined R&D public and private investment target of 3% of GDP by 2020.
November 2010 – Adoption of Council Conclusions on the Innovation Union further to the Commission’s adoption of the "Innovation union" flagship initiative communication (http://ec.europa.eu/research/innovation-union/pdf/innovation-union-commu...) as part of the Europe 2020
2011: Progress report on the implementation of Innovation Union strategy
2014: State of the Innovation Union - taking stock 2010-2014
2014: Innovation Union progress at country level 2014
EU Level Forum
The European Council
The European Council is the meeting of Heads of State of the EU Member States, together with the President of the Council and the President of the European Commission. Its role is to define the general political direction and priorities of the EU. In this regard, the European Council also undertakes discussion of research and innovation issues at a strategic and political level. Malta is represented at the European Council by the Hon Prime Minister Dr Joseph Muscat. The Malta Council for Science and Technology provides policy advice to the Prime Minister’s Office in preparation for European Council meetings when debates on R&I issues would be planned. The European Council normally meets twice every six months. Meetings are convened by its President. The website of the European Council can be accessed by clicking this link.(http://www.european-council.europa.eu/)
The Competitiveness Council (Research)
The Competitiveness Council encompasses issues concerning the internal market, industry, research and space. It meets normally six times per year, with two of these meetings being informal. The Competitiveness Council ensures a coordinated approach across different policies impacting on Europe’s economic growth and competitiveness. The Malta Council for Science and Technology provides technical input to the preparation for Malta’s participation in the research and space parts of the Competitiveness Council and generally also provides technical support during the meetings. Malta is represented at the research part of the Competitiveness Council by the Minister responsible for research or an alternate high level delegate. The website of the Competitiveness Council can be accessed by clicking this link.
The Research/ Atomic Questions Working Party and the Space Working Party
Working Parties are the more technical forums for discussion and possible agreement on various texts before these reach higher levels, namely COREPER and Council. Working parties are where much of the preparatory groundwork for the Council takes place, with the aim of achieving consensus on texts which are then presented for endorsement by the Council.
The European Research Area Committee (ERAC)
The European Research Area Committee is an advisory body to the Council, the Commission and the Member States whose aim is providing strategic and timely advice. ERAC replaces the former CREST (Scientific and Technical Research Committee). ERAC’s mandate was approved by the Competitiveness Council in May 2010. Malta’s delegates to ERAC are Ms Nadine Castillo (firstname.lastname@example.org), while the alternate delegates are Ms Jacqueline Barbara (email@example.com) and Mr. Ian Gauci Borda (firstname.lastname@example.org). The ERAC website can be accessed by clicking this link.
The Steering Group on Human Resources and Mobility
The SGHRM has been active since 2002 and is tasked with the responsibility to promote, monitor and report on the implementation of the Researchers' Partnership at EU and national levels and on other ongoing researchers-related activities (e.g. EURAXESS activities, the European Charter and Code of Conduct for the Recruitment of Researchers, and the “Scientific Visa”). Malta’s delegates to the Steering Group on Human Resources and Mobility are Mr. RobertAbdilla (email@example.com) and Ms. Oriella De Giovanni (firstname.lastname@example.org).
The Working Group on Knowledge Transfer
This group was set up as a result of the Council Resolution on the management of intellectual property in knowledge transfer activities and Code of Practice for universities and other public research organisations – "IP Charter initiative" of 2008. The main aims of the group are to exchange information on the status and progress of national and Commission policies and initiatives to promote and enhance knowledge transfer, as well as to identify and disseminate good practices relating to policies and programmes for improving knowledge transfer and the management of intellectual property, both at a national level and across borders. Malta's delegates to the Working Group on Knowledge Transfer are Dr. Ing. Anton Bartolo (email@example.com) and Ms Martina Pace (firstname.lastname@example.org)
The High Level Group on Joint Programming (GPC)
The GPC was set up as a dedicated configuration of ERAC with the aim of identifying topics for joint programming of research initiatives and the formulation of framework conditions for these. The rationale for this effort lies in the need to capitalize on different countries’ resources and strengths and pool together knowledge and resources to address major societal challenges, such as food security, climate change and water. Malta’s delegates to the GPC are Ms. Allanah Bonnici (email@example.com) and Dr. Claire Bellia (firstname.lastname@example.org).
The Strategic Forum on International Cooperation (SFIC)
SFIC is a dedicated configuration of ERAC whose main objective is to facilitate the further development, implementation and monitoring of the international dimension of the ERA. In practice, the group seeks to collect and share information between the partners (Member States and the Commission) with a view to identifying common priorities which could lead to coordinated or joint initiatives. The group also aims at coordinating activities and positions vis-à-vis third countries and within international forums. Malta’s delegates to the SFIC are Mr. Ian Gauci Borda (email@example.com) and Dr Claire Bellia (firstname.lastname@example.org).
The European Strategic Forum on Research Infrastructures Committee
ESFRI was set up in 2002 by the Competitiveness Council, initially for informal consultations on strategic issues related to Research Infrastructures. In 2006 a list of 35 Research Infrastructure proposals was presented by ESFRI in a roadmap for research infrastructures in Europe. This roadmap was updated to 44 proposals in 2008. During 2010 the second update of the European Roadmap for Research Infrastructures was undertaken with the aim of describing the infrastructural needs of Europe for the next 10 to 20 years and identifying vital new European research infrastructures, including medium-sized infrastructures. A further update of the ESFRI Roadmap for ‘Energy’, ‘Food’ and ‘Biology’, was also undertaken. Malta’s delegates to ESFRI are Prof. Joseph Micallef (email@example.com) and Dr. Ing. Nicholas J. Sammut (firstname.lastname@example.org). The ESFRI website can be accessed by clicking on this link.
The European Research Infrastructures Consortium (ERIC) Committee
The ERIC Committee was set up by Article 20 of Council Regulation 723/2009 (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2009:206:0001...). This regulation seeks to facilitate the joint establishment and operation of European research facilities while enjoying many of the advantages and tax exemptions applicable to international organizations. Members of an ERIC can be states and intergovernmental organizations. At least three Member States must agree to establish and operate together a research infrastructure. The members of an ERIC establish statutes ruling governance, IPR policy, financing of the ERIC. Malta’s delegates to the ERIC Committee are Prof. Joseph Micallef (email@example.com) and Dr. Ing. Nicholas J. Sammut (firstname.lastname@example.org).
The Working Group on Open Access
Open Access means unrestricted access to scientific information via the internet. The objective of Open Access is to make scientific literature and data easily and quickly accessible for users, as well as to provide this information free of charge. It also should prevent duplication of research efforts and enhance opportunities for multi-disciplinary research, as well as inter-institutional and inter-sectorial collaborations. A world-wide active debate on the economics and reliability of various ways of providing open access among stakeholders started in the 1990s and is still continuing. In Horizon 2020, Open Access is supported as a tool to facilitate and improve the circulation of information in the European Research Area. It has therefore been anchored as an underlying principle in the Horizon 2020 Regulation and the Rules of Participation. Malta’s delegates to the working group on Open Access are Mr. Kevin J. Ellul (email@example.com) and Ms. Josianne Camilleri (firstname.lastname@example.org).
The Helsinki Group
The Helsinki Group on Gender in Research and Innovation was established in 1999. It brings together representatives from Member States and Associated Countries, to promote equality between women and men in research and innovation (R&I) and to embed the gender dimension in science, research and innovation contents and programmes. The group is co-chaired by the European Commission and the Member State holding the EU Presidency. Malta has nominated delegates to participate actively in this group.
The group's mandate includes the following tasks:
To reflect and advise the Commission on the development of initiatives within the different policies and frameworks related to science, research and innovation (eg. the Innovation Union, Europe 2020 Strategy, the European Research Area, Framework Programmes, etc.) with a view to:
The Helsinki Group plays an important role in the coordination of the publication “She Figures”. This has been published every 3 years since 2003, and aims to present human resource statistics and indicators in the research and technological development (RTD) sector and on gender equality in science. The report is recommended reading for all policymakers, researchers and their employers, citizens with a vision of a participative, competitive and innovative Europe.
Though gender inequalities in R&I persist, the publication “She Figures 2012” (link) shows that some progress has been made. The figures also underline wide differences across Europe. For instance, although we cannot expect all the PhD graduates to join research, there is a clear gender imbalance, with fewer female than male PhD graduates embracing a career in research. In 2012, in the EU, women represented 46% of the PhD graduates, and this share has been above 40% for a long time now. However, women only represented 33% of researchers and the increase towards a balance is very slow. Furthermore, too few women are in leadership positions or involved in decision-making in research. Only 20% of top level academics are women, and just one in every ten universities in the European Union has a female rector. The She Figures 2015 is under preparation.
The High Level Space Policy Group
The High Level Space Policy Group brings together representatives of the 29 ESA and/or EU member states. The Group serves as a meeting point for discussing the practical implementation of the European Space policy and programme. The group also prepares the meetings of the Space Council, which usually meets back-to-back with the research part of the Competitiveness Council. Malta's delegates to the High Level Space Policy Group are Mr Ian Gauci Borda (email@example.com), Dr Ing James Foden (firstname.lastname@example.org) and Mr Stephen Grixti(email@example.com). More information on governance in European Space Policy can be found at the following link.
Board of Governors of the Joint Research Centre
The Joint Research Centre (JRC) Board of Governors advises the Director-General and the Commission on matters relating to the strategic role of the JRC and its scientific, technical and financial management. It is composed of high level representatives from EU Member States and FP7 Associated States. The JRC Board individual members have also an important role in representing the interests of the JRC in their own country. Malta’s representative on the JRC Board of Governors is Dr Jennifer Cassingena Harper (firstname.lastname@example.org). More information on the Joint Research Centre can be accessed through the following link.
The Monitoring Committee for Euro-Mediterranean Cooperation in RTD (MoCo)
MoCo is a forum which brings together Senior Official representatives from the Mediterranean Partner Countries (MPC) and the EU Member States and Associated Countries, responsible for RTD issues. It has been established in the context of a Euro-Mediterranean Partnership and of the follow-up of the Barcelona Process, and plays a central role in monitoring and stimulating the Euro-Mediterranean cooperation in RTD. Last year the MoCo met once in Spain under the Spanish Presidency, where the main activity was the agreement on a Resolution on future and further Mediterranean cooperation in RTD. Malta's delegates for MoCo are Mr. Ian Gauci Borda (email@example.com) and Dr Claire Bellia (firstname.lastname@example.org).
The Salzburg Group
The Salzburg Group is an informal set up of countries coordinated by Austria and including Bulgaria, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Malta, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia and Switzerland, whose aim is to enhance cooperation between these countries to maximize the benefits for these countries in the framework of the European Research Area (ERA). The Salzburg Declaration, outlining the scope of the group, was adopted in August 2009. One of the main areas of focus of the Salzburg Group is research infrastructures. Malta participates in the Salzburg Group at a political level.
What is it?
The “Innovation Union” is one of the so-called ‘flagship initiatives’ of the Europe 2020 strategy launched by the European Commission in October 2010. The Europe 2020 Strategy represents Europe’s plan for strengthening its economy through smart, sustainable and inclusive growth over the coming decade. The Europe 2020 strategy identifies seven flagship initiatives, each targeting one or more of the identified growth objectives. Innovation Union addresses the ‘smart growth’ objective. The other flagship initiatives addressing smart growth are ‘Youth on the Move’ and ‘Digital Agenda for Europe’.
Why is it needed?
One crucial weakness in Europe’s innovation system is the failure to translate good ideas and research results into new products, processed and services; and the failure to do so quickly. This has an impact on Europe’s competitive edge on other major economies as well as the day-to-day quality of life of European citizens.
The “Innovation Union” seeks to address these deficiencies by reinforcing existing successful initiatives and identify new initiatives needed, while addressing innovation in its widest context. Thirty four initiatives are identified with the aims of strengthening Europe’s knowledge base in R&D, supporting good ideas to reach the market, maximising the benefits of innovation across all regions by supporting convergence thus avoiding an ‘innovation divide’, maximising the social benefits of innovation, pooling efforts to achieve innovation breakthroughs while addressing Europe’s societal challenges through ‘European Innovation Partnerships’, and increasing collaboration with Europe’s international partners.
The Common Strategic Framework
Discussions on research and innovation funding in the next multi-annual financial framework have started. The overarching aims are to simplify participation, ensure synergies and complementarities between different programmes and achieve the greatest impact.
A ‘Common Strategic Framework’ for research and innovation funding was proposed by the Commission in February 2011 through a Green Paper
Link (http://www.eesc.europa.eu/?i=portal.en.eco-opinions.23894) which proposes major changes to the present European funding landscape by bringing together the present Seventh Framework Programme, the Competitiveness and Innovation Programme, and the European Institute of Innovation and Technology.
Third Country Researchers
Scientific Visa Package
The Scientific Visa Package is a fast-track procedure for admitting qualified researchers who are not EU nationals to work on a research project in Malta.
The procedure is based on European Council Directive 2005/71/EC and was transposed into national legislation by virtue of Legal Notice 102 of 2008.
Responsibility for the administrative aspects of this legislation involves both the Department for Citizenship and Expatriate Affairs as well as the Malta Council for Science and Technology.
Overview of the Procedure
The procedure is summarised below:
1.Research Organisation applies for approval as a Hosting Organisation;
2.The Research Organisation and researcher enter into a Hosting Agreement, which is a commitment by the Research Organisation to engage the researcher Theon a research project in Malta once the necessary residence permits have been obtained;
3.The Research Organisation submits an application to the Malta Council for Science and Technology to host the researcher;
4.The Malta Council vets the application and will communicate the outcome in writing to the research organisation;
5.The researcher applies to the Director for Citizenship for a residence permit under the terms of LN 102, submitting a copy of the hosting agreement;
6.The Director for Citizenship vets the application and, if all is in order, issues a residence permit.
1.The researcher may request authorisation to carry out teaching activities in addition to research work.
2.The researcher shall be entitled to equal treatment as EU nationals in terms of conditions relating to work, pay, dismissal, tax benefits and access to goods and services.
3.The following family members shall be allowed to accompany the researcher during the period of the validity of the residence permit: (a) his or her spouse, who will also be granted access to employment and (b) the unmarried minor children of the researcher and his or her spouse, including adopted children.
Approved Hosting Organisations
The following organisations have obtained approval as Hosting Organisations in the context of the Scientific Visa Package.
For help relating to this procedure you may contact Ms Jacqueline Barbara at the Malta Council for Science and Technology.
Tel: +356 23602126
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Department of Citizenship (http://www.foreign.gov.mt/default.aspx?MDIS=552)
Immigration Act Legal Notice 102 of 2008
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